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André Malraux (3 November 1901 – 23 November 1976), was a man for all seasons: novelist, art theorist Resistance leader, War hero, and Minister for Cultural Affairs. Malraux’s novel La Condition Humaine (Man’s Fate) (1933) won the Prix Goncourt. He was appointed by President Charles de Gaulle as Minister of Information (1945–1946) and subsequently as France’s first Minister of Cultural Affairs during de Gaulle’s presidency (1959–1969).
At the beginning of the Second World War, Malraux joined the French Army. He was captured in 1940 during the Battle of France but escaped and later joined the French Resistance. In 1944, he was captured by the Gestapo. He later commanded the tank unit Brigade Alsace-Lorraine in defense of Strasbourg and in the attack on Stuttgart.
After the war, Malraux was awarded the Médaille de…
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